Air for Removal

After the United States achieved its independence in the late 18th Century, restless settlers, hungry for new lands and opportunities, increased migration pressure on the Seminole, who were living peacefully in the savannas of Florida.  This pressure, in conjunction with European politics and the knowledge that Southern slaves were finding shelter in the Seminole lands, created friction and eventually war in the region.  Three of these conflicts, known as the Seminole Wars (1818–1858) resulted in the removal of almost the entire population of Seminoles and Black Seminoles (Freedmen) to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.

Early 19th Century white settlement in Florida